Ransomware attacks are the latest security breach incidents grabbing the headlines these days. Last month, major companies including Britain’s National Health Services, Spain’s Telefónica, and FedEx were victims of the WannaCry ransomware attacks. Ransomware infects your computer by encrypting your important documents, and the attackers then ask for ransom to decrypt your data in order to become usable again.
Ransomware attack operations have become more sophisticated, in some cases functioning with a full helpdesk support.
While the latest Operating System patches and anti-malware programs can defend these attacks to a point, they are usually reactive and ineffective. For instance, the WannyCry malware relied heavily on social engineering (phishing) to spread, and relying on end users to open malicious email or to click on malicious websites.
The best defense for ransomware attacks is a good data protection strategy in the area of backup and disaster recovery. When ransomware hits, you can simply remove the infected encrypted files, and restore the good copies. It’s surprising to know that a lot of companies and end users do not properly backup their data. There are tons of backup software and services in the cloud to backup data. A periodic disaster recovery test is also necessary to make sure you can restore data when needed.
A sound backup and disaster recovery plan will help mitigate attacks against ransomware.